English version

Mugabe, Robert

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary EnglishMugabe, RobertRobert MugabeMu‧ga‧be, Rob‧ert /muːˈɡɑːbi, ˈrɒbət $ ˈrɑːbərt-/  (1924–) an African nationalist and politician who helped Zimbabwe to become independent. He became prime minister in 1980, when Zimbabwe became independent, and became its first president in 1987. Many people have criticized him and his government for using threats and violence against his political opponents in the 1990s and 2000s. After his reelection in 2002 Zimbabwe was suspended from the Commonwealth because many countries thought that the election was not fair or honest. In 2003, Zimbabwe officially decided to leave the Commonwealth. Mugabe was reelected in 2005. The opposition party, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), again complained that the elections had not been fair. In the 2008 presidential elections, Mugabe was narrowly defeat in the first round of voting, but he won in the second round after the opposition candidate Morgan Tsvangirai agreed to stop taking part in the contest.
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