English version

scratch

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Colours & sounds, Sport
scratchscratch1 /skrætʃ/ ●●● S3 verb 🔊 🔊 1 rub your skin [intransitive, transitive]RUB to rub your skin with your nails because it feels uncomfortableitch 🔊 John yawned and scratched his leg. 🔊 Try not to scratch.scratch at 🔊 He was scratching at the bites on his arm.see thesaurus at touch2 cut somebody’s skin [intransitive, transitive]CUT to cut someone’s skin slightly with your nails or with something sharp 🔊 She ran at him and scratched his face. 🔊 Don’t scratch yourself on the thorns.3 make a mark [transitive]CUT to make a small cut or mark on something by pulling something sharp across it 🔊 I’m afraid I’ve scratched your car. 🔊 Some of the prisoners had scratched their names on the walls.4 animals [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]C if an animal scratches, it rubs its feet against something, often making a noise 🔊 A few chickens scratched around in the yard.scratch at 🔊 a dog scratching at the door to be let in5 remove something [transitive always + adverb/preposition]REMOVE to remove something from a surface by rubbing it with something sharpscratch something off/away etc 🔊 I scratched away a little of the paint with my fingernail.6 remove writing [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to remove a word from a piece of writing by drawing a line through it syn cross outscratch something from/off something 🔊 I have scratched his name from the list.7 make a noise [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to make a rough sound by moving something sharp across a surface 🔊 His pen scratched away on the paper.8 scratch the surface9 scratch your head10 stop something happening [transitive] informalSTOP DOING something if you scratch an idea or a plan, you decide that you will not do it syn abandon11 remove from race [intransitive, transitive] informalDS if someone scratches from a race, or if you scratch them from the race, they do not take part in it12 you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours scrape/scratch a living at living2(1) scratch around scratch something ↔ out
→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
scratchShe found her friend, Felicia Moon, bruised and scratched after a fight with her husband.Maura rubbed her face against his cheek and felt his stubble scratching against her smooth skin.One of these involves using the hind leg to scratch an area of skin to which an irritant has been applied.The dog kept scratching at the door to be let in.He sat scratching his head, trying to think of the answer.He sat thinking, scratching his head.The cat will scratch if you make her mad.There's a spot in the middle of my back that itches - can you scratch it for me?Don't scratch - it will only make the itching worse.The cat scratched me while I was playing with her.I scratch my face to feel a bloodless mound.I scratched my hand on a rusty nail.For a couple of years he scratched out a living, feeling sorry for himself and dissipating his savings.The medicine relieves the itching, so the child doesn't scratch so much.Well, I guess we can scratch that idea.She scratched the knife along the zipper of my jeans and threw the blade again.Don't scratch - the rash will get infected.I scratched the side of the car as I was backing it into the driveway.Don't use that cleaner - it'll scratch the sink.Be careful not to scratch the table with those scissors.I had several mosquito bites, and it was difficult not to scratch them.They scratched themselves, and worse.
scratchscratch2 ●●○ noun 🔊 🔊 1 cut [countable] a small cut on someone’s skin 🔊 There were deep scratches all over her face. 🔊 Don’t worry, it’s only a scratch (=not a serious injury). 🔊 She was unharmed apart from a few cuts and scratches.2 mark [countable]MIMARK a thin mark or cut on the surface of something 🔊 There was a big scratch on the car door.3 from scratch4 up to scratch5 HBHrub [singular] especially British English when you rub part of your body with your nails because it feels uncomfortable 🔊 He stretched and had a scratch. 🔊 He brushed his hair and gave his scalp a good scratch.6 sound [countable]C a sound made by something sharp or rough being rubbed on a hard surface 🔊 I heard the scratch of an animal’s claws on the door.
Examples from the Corpus
scratchIt's just a scratch - nothing serious.a scratch on the car doorSmall imperfections such as cuts and scratches can be sanded out with fine sandpaper.Stories can be begun from scratch or spun off samples.That was the same idea Albiez had in 1990 when he decided to make an electric car from scratch.So, in one sense I was not starting entirely from scratch.That was kind of from scratch.The last of his scratch marks have faded now but his memories never will.His face was covered in scratches.The former captain of Staffordshire, who played off scratch for many years, beat his age by two shots.He looked with concern at the scratches on Lucy's face, then poured tea which he insisted she drank at once.only a scratchThe above four cases only scratch the surface.But after a summer in Trinidad, he realized he had only scratched the surface of the eclectic and complex belief system.So far palaeontologists have only scratched the surface of a formation that Rauhut estimates covers at least several hundred square kilometres.The Government's proposal is welcome, but it only scratches the surface of the problem.Surface only scratched and the guide has proved its worth already.But without proper government action, they only scratch at the problem.A lot of titles for this year you may think, but I've only scratched the surface.had a scratchNurse found the worst patches around his ears where he had scratched the scalp sore.This cat had no whiskers + he had scratch on his nose.Some one had scratched the eyes out of an otter on the litter campaign poster.
Related topics: Sport
scratchscratch3 adjective [no comparative] 🔊 🔊 1 DSa scratch team or group of people has been put together in a hurry, using anyone that is available2 DSa scratch player in golf is very good and is not given any advantage in games
Examples from the Corpus
scratchThe kitchen has a beautiful wooden floor, but it's badly scratched.
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Verb table
scratch
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyscratch
he, she, itscratches
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyscratched
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave scratched
he, she, ithas scratched
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad scratched
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill scratch
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have scratched
> View Less
Continuous Form
Present
Iam scratching
he, she, itis scratching
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you, we, theyare scratching
Past
I, he, she, itwas scratching
you, we, theywere scratching
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been scratching
he, she, ithas been scratching
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been scratching
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be scratching
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been scratching
> View Less