From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishshakeshake1 /ʃeɪk/ ●●●S3W2 verb (past tense shook /ʃʊk/, past participle shaken /ˈʃeɪkən/) 🔊 🔊 1move [intransitive, transitive]SHAKE to move suddenly from side to side or up and down, usually with a lot of force, or to make something or someone do this 🔊 She shook him to wake him up. 🔊 Shake the bottle before you open it. 🔊 The whole house started to shake. 🔊 The car shook as it went over a bump.shake something out of/off/from something 🔊 She shook the sand out of her shoes (=removed it by shaking).2body [intransitive]SHAKE if someone shakes, or part of their body shakes, they make small suddenmovements from side to side or up and down, especially because they are very frightened, cold, ill etc syn tremble, → shiver 🔊 The little boy’s hand was shaking.shake with fear/laughter/anger etc 🔊 I could see my neighbor shaking with laughter. 🔊 What’s wrong with you? You’re shaking like a leaf (=shaking a lot because you are very nervous or frightened).be shaking in your shoes/boots (=be very nervous) 🔊 I was shaking in my shoes – I thought he was going to fire me.3 →shake your head4 →shake somebody’s hand/shake hands with somebody5shockSHOCK [transitive] to make someone feel very upset or shocked 🔊 Kerrie was so shaken by the attack that she won’t go out alone. 🔊 The murder shook the whole town.6 →shake somebody’s confidence/beliefs etc7 →somebody’s voice shakes8 →shake your fist (at somebody)9 →shake a legCOLLOCATIONSadverbsshake slightlyAdam opened the envelope, his hand shaking slightly.shake violentlyShe found him huddled in a corner, shaking violently.shake uncontrollablyHis whole body shook uncontrollably.be shaking badly (=be shaking a lot)She had been crying, and was still shaking badly.be visibly shaking (=be shaking in a way that other people can see)He was visibly shaking with anger.phrasesshake with laughterBoth women shook with laughter.shake with anger/fear etcHe stood there shaking with anger.be shaking all overShe was shaking all over, partly from cold, partly from shock.be shaking like a leaf (=be shaking a lot because you are nervous or frightened)Diana was shaking like a leaf when she got up to give her talk.be shaking in your shoes/boots (=be very nervous)The president must be shaking in his shoes about Tuesday’s vote.THESAURUSpersonshake if a person or part of their body shakes, they make small sudden continuous movements from side to side or up and down, especially because they are very frightened, cold, ill etcSuddenly he started to shake. ‘Don’t ever scare me like that again!’ he whispered.The poor girl was shaking.shudder to shake for a short time, especially because you think of something very unpleasant, or because you feel frightened or coldCorbett shuddered when he thought of what might have happened to them.I shuddered when I read the article.He was still shuddering with the cold.She clung to him, shuddering with emotion. tremble to shake slightly in a way that you cannot control, especially because you are frightened, worried, or angryErnest opened the letter in silence, his hands trembling.Her whole body trembled with fear.He hadn’t dared to move. He was trembling with shock. ‘I won’t be coming back, ’ she said, her body trembling with anger.shiver to shake slightly, especially only a few times, because you are cold or frightenedShe shivered, pulling her coat closer around herself.You make me shiver when you talk like that.quiver especially literary to shake slightly and continuously because you are very worried or excited – used especially about someone’s lips, mouth, or bodyHer bottom lip began to quiver, and she turned away to hide her tears.Alice’s eyes began to fill with tears and her mouth quivered. ‘I 'm going away, ’ she said.wobble to move unsteadily from side to sideMrs Hamilton wobbled precariously on her high heels.rock to move gently backwards and forwards or from side to sideHe rocked to and fro in his chair.object/vehicle/the ground etcshake to move suddenly from side to side or up and down, usually with a lot of forceThe floor shook from a distant explosion.The walls were still shaking.The trees were shaking in the wind.rattle to shake and make a noiseThe windows rattled in the wind.The train was rattling over the bridge.vibrate to shake continuously with small fast movementsThe music was so loud that the whole room vibrated.The atoms vibrate at different frequencies.wobble to move unsteadily from side to sideThe bike began to wobble alarmingly as she fought to control it.The cup wobbled and he grabbed it to stop it from falling.rock to move gently backwards and forwards or from side to sideThe trailer rocked in the wind.The boat was rocking from side to side with the waves.shudder (also judder especially British English) if a vehicle or machineshudders, it shakes for a short time.The lift shuddered then began to descend.The engine shuddered into life (=it shook and then started working).The car juddered to a halt (=it shook and then stopped) outside the house. →shake down →shake somebody/something ↔ off →shake out →shake somebody/something ↔ up→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
shake• Suddenly the ground beneath my feet began to shake.• Ed was playing his music so loud that the whole house shook.• Never shake a baby.• Theda was shaking, a river of ice at her back.• His hand shook as he signed the paper.• The car slowed down, shook for a moment and then stopped.• She shook her head, pretending a half-bewilder-ment.• She shook her head, tugging the hairbrush vigorously through her tangledauburnlocks.• Momshook her head. "You can't go out again at this time of night."• She shook her long blonde hair.• The hostiletone of Gioella's last commentshook her.• "Women drivers!" the truck driver yelled, shaking his fist at me.• Parker hopes to shake his image as a dull, unimaginativepolitician.• Brad got up and shook his legs to get all the grass off.• The hugeexplosionshook houses up to five miles away.• But this was self-pity, to which he had never been addicted, and he must shake it off at all costs.• When he went he shook my hand.• Coat the chicken pieces in flour and shake off any excess.• I can't seem to shake off this cold.• My hands were shaking so much I could hardly write my name on the exam paper.• She shook the blanket to get rid of all the dust.• Shake the bottle well to mix all the ingredients together.• They raced around corners and down darkalleys, trying to shake the police.• He shook the rain from his overcoat and cap and proceeded to undo his boots.• News of the accidentshook the tinyfarmingcommunity.• Once they reached the ground they shook their wings violently, until they fell off.• The others were all shaking with laughter.shake something out of/off/from something• I wanted to grab my head and shake the cement out of it.• The old man wobbled and stumbled backwards, wagging his head as if he were trying to shake something out of it.• They took a sheet at either end and began to shake the water out of it.• As the train slid slowly into Asansol station, Brother Mariadas, suddenly wideawake, shook me out of my reverie.• Finally I shook myself out of my trance and rolled over on the cot, facing away from her.• Remember, if the ground starts shaking, get out of reach of any-thing that can fall on you.• The house was shaking itself out ofsleep.shake with fear/laughter/anger etc• I felt myself shake with anger.• Isaac said, back on his feet and shaking with anger.• Volker's puny body shook with anger.• Eventually a frail young women appeared, shaking with fear, and was taken into a nearby house.• Starsdanced before my eyes and I kept shaking with fear at my latest brush with death.• Her shouldersshook with laughter, her alabastercheeksflushed with warmth.