Sense: 1-5, 7-8
|Origin:||French choc, from choquer 'to strike against'|
|Origin:||Perhaps from shock 'bunch of cut wheat, corn, etc.' (14-20 centuries), or from shock 'dog with long rough hair' (17-19 centuries)|
if something that happens is a shock, you did not expect it, and it makes you feel very surprised, and usually upset
unexpected event/situation[countable usually singular]
be a shock to discover/find/realize etc that
It was a real shock to hear that the factory would have to close.
Chuck's death came as a complete shock to all of us.
Moving to France was a bit of a shock to the system (=a big shock).
the feeling of surprise and disbelief you have when something very unexpected happens, especially something bad or frightening:
unexpected unpleasant feeling[singular, uncountable]
She was shaking with shock and humiliation.
The whole town was still in a state of shock (=extremely shocked by something and unable to think or react normally).
get/have the shock of your life British English (=get a very big shock)
He got the shock of his life when he found out who I was.
shock of (doing) something
Mom's never really gotten over the shock of Dad's death.
They'll get a shock when they get this bill.
Anyone who thinks that bringing up children is easy is in for a big shock (=will have a big shock).
a medical condition in which someone looks pale and their heart and lungs are not working correctly, usually after a sudden very unpleasant experience:
He was bleeding from the head and suffering from shock.
He is clearly in a state of shock.
The tanker driver was treated for shock and released.
an electric shock
a shock absorber
vehicle[countable usually plural]
a very thick mass of hair:
an energetic young man with a shock of red hair
a sudden unexpected change which threatens the economic situation, way of life, or traditions of a group of people - used especially in news reports:
the oil shocks of the 1970s