Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1500-1600
Language: Dutch
Origin: splitten

split

1 verb
     
Related topics: Groupings
split1 S2 W3 past tense and past participle split, present participle splitting
1

disagree

[intransitive and transitive]PPG if a group of people splits, or if it is split, people in the group disagree strongly with each other and the group sometimes divides into separate smaller groups:
It was feared that the issue would split the church.
be split on/over something
The party is split over the issue of immigration.
The government appears deeply split on this issue.
split from
The Pan-Africanist Congress split from the ANC in 1959.
split something in two/down the middle
The war has split the nation in two.
2

separate into parts

also split up [intransitive and transitive] to divide or separate something into different parts or groups, or to be divided into different parts or groups
split into
Can you split into groups of three now?
split something into something
The book is split into six sections.
3

break or tear

[intransitive and transitive] if something splits, or if you split it, it tears or breaks along a straight line:
The branch split under their weight.
One of the boxes had split open.
split (something) in two/half
The board had split in two.
Split the pineapple down the middle.
4

share

[transitive] to divide something into separate parts and share it between two or more people
split something between somebody/something
Profits will be split between three major charities.
split something with somebody
He agreed to sell the car and split the proceeds with his brother.
split something three/four etc ways (=share something between three, four etc people or groups)
The money will have to be split three ways.
We agreed to split the cost.
5

injure

[transitive] to make someone's head or lip have a cut in it, as a result of a fall or hit:
She fell against a table and split her lip.
The force of the blow nearly split his head open.
6

end relationship

also split up [intransitive] informal if people split, they end a marriage or relationship with each other
split with/from
He split from his wife last year.
The band split two years ago.
7

leave

[intransitive] old-fashioned informal to leave a place quickly:
Come on - let's split.
8

split hairs

to argue that there is a difference between two things, when the difference is really too small to be important:
This is just splitting hairs.
9

split the difference

to agree on an amount that is exactly between two amounts that have been mentioned:
OK, let's split the difference, and I'll give you £20.
10

split your sides

informal to laugh a great deal

split off

phrasal verb
1 also split away if one part of something splits off from the rest, it becomes completely separate from it
split off from
A huge lump of rock had split off from the cliff face.
2 also split away if a small group of people split off from a larger group, they become separate from it
split off from
The group split away from the Green Party and formed the Environmental Alliance.
3

split something ↔ off

to separate one part of something and make it completely separate from the rest
split something ↔ off from
This part of the business has now been split off from the main company.

split on somebody

phrasal verb
to tell someone in authority about something wrong that someone else has done:
Don't you dare split on us!

split up

phrasal verb
1SSF if people split up, or if someone splits them up, they end a marriage or relationship with each other:
Steve's parents split up when he was four.
split up with
I thought she'd split up with her boyfriend.
split somebody ↔ up
Why would she try to split us up?
2 to divide people into different groups, or to be divided into groups:
Please don't split up when we get to the museum.
split something/somebody ↔ up
The teacher split up the class into three groups.
3

split something ↔ up

to divide something into different parts
split something ↔ up into
The house has now been split up into individual flats.
WORD FOCUS: break WORD FOCUS: break
smash with a lot of force
shatter
into many pieces
split
into two pieces
snap
into two pieces, with a sudden loud noise
tear
paper/cloth
burst
pipe/tyre/balloon
crumble
break into a lot of small pieces
disintegrate
break into a lot of small pieces and be destroyed
fracture
if a bone fractures or you fracture it, it breaks slightly so that a small line appears on the surface


See also
break

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