English version

spring

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishspringspring1 /sprɪŋ/ ●●● S2 W2 noun  1 season [countable, uncountable]TMC the season between winter and summer when leaves and flowers appearspring of the spring of 1933in/during the spring It’s due to open in the spring.late/early spring It was a cold, sunny day in early spring. spring flowers2 spring.jpg curved metal a) [countable usually plural]TD something, usually a twisted piece of metal, that will return to its previous shape after it has been pressed down an old armchair with broken springs b) [uncountable]SOFT the ability of a chair, bed etc to return to its normal shape after being pressed down3 water [countable]DN a place where water comes up naturally from the ground spring water There are several hot springs in the area.4 spring in your step5 full of the joys of spring6 sudden jump [singular]JUMP a sudden quick movement or jump in a particular direction syn leapGRAMMAR: Patterns with springin spring/in the springYou use in spring or in the spring when saying that something happens at this time: In spring the days get longer. She’s coming to visit us in the spring.last spring/this spring etcDon’t use in with these words:You say last spring: They moved here last spring. Don’t say: They moved here in last spring.You say this spring: The flowers are beautiful this spring. Don’t say: The flowers are beautiful in this spring.You say next spring: They’re getting married next spring. Don’t say: They’re getting married in next spring.You say that spring: It rained a lot that spring. Don’t say: It rained a lot in that spring.
Examples from the Corpus
springspring flowersA ruling is expected by spring.The majority of these become arrested in the abomasum as EL4 and do not complete development until the following spring.The hot springs in the mountain smell of sulfur.Last spring, he counted 26 of them at the mouth of the Charles River.The day the peony falls I will be sunk already in the sorrow of a lost spring.There's not much spring left in this mattress.Yet the caress of his meaning was delicate as the first green fronds of spring.The company also plans a new sub-compact in the spring.The Board of Education was far from happy with the rules and throughout the spring and summer the dispute rumbled on.Nothing except the altar built in the heart of the wood, next to the spring.in/during the springBut in addition there remained the puzzle of how the helium came to be in the springs.January sees the start of a fourth series, and a fifth will be filmed in the spring.Next come public meetings in the spring.Of course you got mists in the spring, when the weather was changing, but this mist was coming from Uberwald.Such was the situation at Hanes's Sparta, North Carolina, plant in the spring of 1985.Clearing two acres of tree stumps so a garden could be planted in the spring.Hector said they both knew you were going to break the truce yourself in the spring anyway.hot springsHot, hydrothermally altered ground and relatively weak fumaroles, but no active hot springs, are found on these volcanoes.Scientists hope the coming generation of Mars probes will detect former hot springs.The lake is noted for its hot springs, steam jets and geysers.Hippie dips, or hot pots, are circles of rocks built around natural hot springs.The helium would seep up through fissures, and hence its natural occurrence near the hot springs.The hot springs in the Jemez above us smelling of sulfur.And though the researchers had suspected all along that these hot springs existed, the real thing had far surpassed their imaginings.Close by are the famous Dimmuborgir, Grjótagjá and Stóragjá underground hot springs.
springspring2 ●●○ verb (past tense sprang /spræŋ/ or sprung /sprʌŋ/ American English, past participle sprung)  1 move suddenlyJUMP [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction, especially by jumping syn leapspring out of/from Tom sprung out of bed and ran downstairs.spring out at somebody Two men sprang out at me as I was walking through the park. He sprang to his feet (=stood up suddenly) and rushed after her.spring to somebody’s aid/assistance (=move quickly to help someone) One of the young policemen sprang to her assistance.RegisterSpring is used mostly in literature. In everyday English, people usually say jump:He jumped out of bed.2 move back [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]BACK/BACKWARDS if something springs back, open etc, it moves quickly, suddenly, and with force, especially after being pushed down or sidewaysspring back/up The branch sprang back and hit him in the face.spring open/shut The gate sprang shut behind them.3 spring to (somebody’s) mind4 spring into action5 spring a surprise6 tears spring to/into somebody’s eyes7 spring into existence/being8 spring a trap9 spring a leak10 spring to somebody’s defence11 spring to attention12 help somebody escape [transitive + from] informalESCAPE to help someone escape from prison spring for something spring from something spring something on somebody spring up→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
springBy the time we had learned to sail, poor Elizabeth had sprung a rather serious leak.He raked his fingers through his hair and watched it spring back around his face in untidy tufts.A wind sprang from the east, an idea of rain, sudden, pervading the air.It is frighteningly easy to picture our children bald-gummed, big-headed as the babies they sprang out of.Equally notable figures will spring to the defence of the secret deal, however.In some spots, towns of 10,000 residents sprang up literally overnight.And a new kind of restaurant had sprung up with expensive menus and a young, confident clientele.spring out of/fromSo I got me some steak, and I got me the spring out of a clock.A tiger's head sprang out from it snorting and snarling.As she cried, the garden roses sprang out of the ground from beneath her tears.The name Parastaev sprang out of the page, billed as speaking at that very moment.As they stood off guard, two young men both carrying suitcases sprang out from the passageway behind the tomb.spring back/upAs the rifts widen, their side effects spring up across the countryside.Millions of old people joined the Townsend Clubs that sprang up across the nation.When it is cold, the rubber doesn't spring back after you press it.Then she sprang up and raced along the path.Coffeehouses at that time were springing up by the thousands, and they were usually men-only establishments.But nevertheless, when we moved out, we moved out expecting trouble to spring up in front of us any moment.His thick hair, still damp and scored with comb marks, was springing back into its usual lustrous waves.It is just one, however, of several that have sprung up to assist car buyers.
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Verb table
spring
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyspring
he, she, itsprings
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theysprangsprung
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave sprung
he, she, ithas sprung
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad sprung
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill spring
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have sprung
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam springing
he, she, itis springing
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you, we, theyare springing
Past
I, he, she, itwas springing
you, we, theywere springing
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been springing
he, she, ithas been springing
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been springing
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be springing
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been springing
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