spring2 past tense sprang also sprung American English past participle sprung
to move suddenly and quickly in a particular direction, especially by jumping [= leap]
move suddenly[intransitive always + adverb/preposition]
spring out of/from
Tom sprung out of bed and ran downstairs.
spring out at somebody
Two men sprang out at me as I was walking through the park.
He sprang to his feet (=stood up suddenly) and rushed after her.
spring to somebody's aid/assistance (=move quickly to help someone)
One of the young policemen sprang to her assistance.
if something springs back, open etc, it moves quickly, suddenly and with force, especially after being pushed down or sideways
move back[intransitive always + adverb/preposition]
The branch sprang back and hit him in the face.
The gate sprang shut behind them.
if someone or something springs to mind, you immediately think of them:
Two questions spring to mind.
4 also spring to/into life
to suddenly become active, start moving or start working:
They were prepared and ready to spring into action.
Finally the engine sprang to life.
to do something surprising:
Roy is unlikely to spring any surprises.
used to say that someone starts to cry
to suddenly begin to exist:
A lot of small businesses sprang into existence during the 1980s.
if an animal springs a trap, it is caught by the trap
to make someone say or do something by tricking them
if a boat or a container springs a leak, it begins to let liquid in or out through a crack or hole
to quickly defend someone who is being criticized:
Charlene sprang immediately to her son's defence.
if soldiers spring to attention, they stand suddenly upright
to help someone escape from prison
help somebody escape[transitive + from] informal
spring for somethingphrasal verb
I'll spring for the beer tonight.
spring from somethingphrasal verb
behaviour which springs from prejudices
spring something on somebodyphrasal verb
It's not fair to spring this on her without any warning.
spring upphrasal verb
Fast-food restaurants are springing up all over town.