Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Latin
Origin: supremus 'furthest above', from superus; SUPERIOR1

supreme

adjective
     
su‧preme
1 having the highest position of power, importance, or influence:
the Supreme Allied Commander in Europe
a country where the car reigns supreme (=is the most important thing)
2 [only before noun] the greatest possible:
supreme courage in the face of terrible danger
It required a supreme effort to stay awake.
a matter of supreme importance
3

make the supreme sacrifice

to die for your country, for a principle etc

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