Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1500-1600
Language: Old French
Origin: sourge-, the stem of sourdre 'to rise, surge', from Latin surgere 'to go right up, rise', from sub- 'up' + regere 'to lead straight'

surge

1 verb
     
surge1 [intransitive]
1 [always + adverb/preposition] to suddenly move very quickly in a particular direction
surge forward/through etc
The taxi surged forward.
The crowd surged through the gates.
2 also surge up if a feeling surges or surges up, you begin to feel it very strongly:
She could feel anger surging inside her.
3 [usually + adverb/preposition] if a large amount of a liquid, electricity, chemical etc surges, it moves very quickly and suddenly:
A wave surged up towards them.
Adrenalin surged through her veins.
4 to suddenly increase [= shoot up]:
Oil prices surged.

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