Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English homepage

Date: 1400-1500
Language: Old French
Origin: suronder 'to overflow, flood', from Late Latin superundare, from Latin unda 'wave'

surround

1 verb
     
sur‧round1 W2 [transitive]
1 [usually passive] to be all around someone or something on every side
be surrounded by something
The field was surrounded by trees.
He glared at the people who surrounded the tent.
2

be surrounded by somebody/something

to have a lot of a particular type of people or things near you:
He's always been surrounded by people who adore him.
3 if police or soldiers surround a place, they arrange themselves in positions all the way around it:
Armed police surrounded a house in the High Street.
4 to be closely related to a situation or event:
Some of the issues surrounding alcohol abuse are very complex.
Silence and secrecy surround the murder.
5

surround yourself with somebody/something

to choose to have certain people or things near you all the time:
The designer surrounded himself with exquisite objects.

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