English version

tarnish

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishtarnishtar‧nish1 /ˈtɑːnɪʃ $ ˈtɑːr-/ verb 🔊 🔊 1 [transitive]HCMSPOIL if an event or fact tarnishes someone’s reputation, record, image etc, it makes it worse 🔊 His regime was tarnished by human rights abuses.2 [intransitive, transitive]SHINE if metals such as silver, copper, or brass tarnish, or if something tarnishes them, they become dull and lose their colour 🔊 Gold does not tarnish easily. 🔊 tarnished silver spoons→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
tarnishProfits at auto makers and other exporters could be tarnished by a weaker dollar against the yen.I wanted it to shine the windows and polish the tarnished feelings like a good spring house-cleaning.This reputation could be tarnished if adequate steps are not taken to control the rodent population.The promise of town planning itself was tarnished in this context.The brass is nice, but it will tarnish really easily.Harassment of religion will only tarnish the orthodox church's reputation, while steeling the resistance of persecuted faiths.The glass was so tarnished they could hardly be deciphered.Neighbors' testimony tarnished Wilson's image as a loving mother.
tarnishtarnish2 noun [singular, uncountable] 🔊 🔊 SHINEdullness of colour, or loss of brightness
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Verb table
tarnish
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theytarnish
he, she, ittarnishes
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theytarnished
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave tarnished
he, she, ithas tarnished
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad tarnished
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill tarnish
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have tarnished
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam tarnishing
he, she, itis tarnishing
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you, we, theyare tarnishing
Past
I, he, she, itwas tarnishing
you, we, theywere tarnishing
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been tarnishing
he, she, ithas been tarnishing
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been tarnishing
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be tarnishing
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been tarnishing
> View Less