English version

vacuum

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Physics, Cleaning
vacuumvac‧u‧um1 /ˈvækjuəm, -kjʊm/ ●●○ noun  1 [countable]HPEMPTY a space that is completely empty of all gas, especially one from which all the air has been taken away2 [countable]DHC a vacuum cleaner3 [singular]NOT HAVE a situation in which someone or something is missing or lackingcreate/leave a vacuum (in something) Her husband’s death left a vacuum in her life.power/political/moral etc vacuum the political vacuum caused by the ban on Communist Party activity4 in a vacuumCOLLOCATIONSMeaning 3: a situation in which someone or something is missing or lackingverbscreate a vacuumHis sudden departure created a vacuum at the head of the company.leave a vacuumThe disappearance of religious beliefs has left a vacuum in many people's lives.fill a vacuumWhat political ideas have filled the vacuum left by the fall of communism?adjectivesADJECTIVES/NOUN + vacuum a power vacuumThe leader's sudden death created a power vacuum.a political vacuumMilitary leaders stepped in to fill the political vacuum.a moral vacuum (=a lack of moral standards)Many children are growing up in a moral vacuum.a policy vacuumThere is a policy vacuum on climate change.
Examples from the Corpus
vacuumHis adolescence and young manhood had occurred in a vacuum.This made a partial vacuum, which kept the cardboard attached to the mouth of the glass.He shook religion out of her mind, as it were, and into the vacuum rushed something rather disagreeable.power/political/moral etc vacuumYoung people from welfare-dependent single-parent families just aren't artful dodgers ready to graduate into serious crime and a moral vacuum.Nevertheless the discretion is not to be exercised in a moral vacuum.In both cases the result of improvement is a dehumanized landscape and something like a moral vacuum.A power vacuum would probably destroy his hopes for a smooth transition of authority.In the post-Nehru political vacuum, this was simply a recipe for instability.Pavlov had warned on Aug. 13 of a potential power vacuum, unless the centre retained sufficient economic leverage.In the power vacuum following the trials, Berlusconi became Prime Minister.There is no satisfying solution to the moral vacuum that is created when one human being murders another.
Related topics: Cleaning
vacuumvacuum2 ●●○ verb [intransitive, transitive]  DHCto clean using a vacuum cleaner
→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
vacuumHe vacuums a third time, for a few seconds longer.I loved getting the housework done during the week and then playing on the weekend, all the vacuuming done.Meanwhile, his receptionist can not vacuum fat, nor can she type as fast.His chair having to be replaced after vacuuming in exactly the same position as before.The inside has been vacuumed recently, too.I stay in, play Bach on the earphones and vacuum the broadloom.They sent him along to vacuum the carpets, but he wound up with his very own theatre to practice in.Have you vacuumed the carpets?
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Verb table
vacuum
Simple Form
Present
I, you, we, theyvacuum
he, she, itvacuums
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Past
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyvacuumed
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave vacuumed
he, she, ithas vacuumed
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad vacuumed
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill vacuum
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have vacuumed
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Continuous Form
Present
Iam vacuuming
he, she, itis vacuuming
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you, we, theyare vacuuming
Past
I, he, she, itwas vacuuming
you, we, theywere vacuuming
Present perfect
I, you, we, theyhave been vacuuming
he, she, ithas been vacuuming
Past perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theyhad been vacuuming
Future
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill be vacuuming
Future perfect
I, you, he, she, it, we, theywill have been vacuuming
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