wind2 past tense and past participle wound
1 [transitive always + adverb/preposition]
to turn or twist something several times around something else
wind something around/round something
The hair is divided into sections and wound around heated rods.
2 [transitive] also wind up
to turn part of a machine around several times, in order to make it move or start working:
Did you remember to wind the clock?
3 [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]
if a road, river etc winds somewhere, it has many smooth bends and is usually very long
wind (its way) through/along etc something
Highway 99 winds its way along the coast.
a winding path
to make a tape move in a machine
wind something forward/back
Can you wind the video back a little way - I want to see that bit again.
! Do not confuse with the noun wind, which has a different pronunciation. ➔ rewind
—wind noun [countable]
wind downphrasal verb
to gradually reduce the work of a business or organization so that it can be closed down completely
to rest and relax after a lot of hard work or excitement:
I find it difficult to wind down after a day at work.
to make something, especially a car window, move down by turning a handle or pressing a button
wind something ↔ downBritish English
wind upphrasal verb
to bring an activity, meeting etc to an end:
OK, just to wind up, could I summarize what we've decided?
to close down a company or organization:
wind something ↔ up
Our operations in Jamaica are being wound up.
3 [linking verb] informal
to be in an unpleasant situation or place after a lot has happened [= end up]
wind up in/at/with etc
You know you're going to wind up in court over this.
wind up doing something
I wound up wishing I'd never come.
4 British English
to deliberately say or do something that will annoy or worry someone, as a joke [↪ tease]: ➔ wound up
They're only winding you up.
to turn part of a machine around several times, in order to make it move or start working
wind something ↔ up
to make something, especially a car window, move up by turning a handle or pressing a button:
wind something ↔ upBritish English
Could you wind the window up, please?