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Language: Old English
Origin: 'against, from, with'

with

preposition
     
with S1 W1
1 used to say that two or more people or things are together in the same place:
I saw Bob in town with his girlfriend.
Put this bag with the others.
I always wear these shoes with this dress.
Mix the powder with boiling water.
have/bring/take somebody/something with you
She had her husband with her.
You'd better bring your passport with you.
2 having, possessing, or carrying something:
a tall gentleman with a beard
a book with a green cover
a man with a gun
We need someone with new ideas.
Only people with plenty of money can afford to shop here.
She came back with a letter in her hand.
3 using something or by means of something:
Chop the onions with a sharp knife.
What will you buy with the money?
I amused myself with crossword puzzles.
a hat decorated with brightly coloured feathers
see usage note by1
4 because of a particular feeling or physical state:
They were trembling with fear.
Jack beamed with pleasure when he heard the news.
I was too weak with hunger to cry.
Mother became seriously ill with pneumonia.
5 including:
Two nights' accommodation with breakfast and evening meal cost us just over £250.
6XX used to say what covers or fills something:
Her boots were covered with mud.
Fill the bowl with sugar.
In summer Venice is crammed with tourists.
7XX used to say what an action or situation is related to:
We have a problem with parking in this area.
Be careful with that glass.
Is there something wrong with your phone?
How are you getting on with your studies, David?
Compared with other children of the same age, Robert is very tall.
8 used to say which person or thing someone has a particular feeling or attitude towards:
I hope you're not angry with me.
He thinks he's in love with Diana.
She's delighted with her new car.
Don't get too friendly with your students.
9 supporting someone or sharing their opinion [↪ for]:
Some opposition MPs voted with the Government.
You're either with me or against me.
I'm with Harry all the way on this one.
10 used when talking about an action or activity to say which other person, group, or country is involved:
Stop fighting with your brother!
I used to play chess with him.
It's a good idea to discuss the problem with a sympathetic teacher.
We're competing with foreign businesses.
Britain's trade with Japan
She left home after an argument with her parents.
11 used to say how someone does something or how something happens:
He prepared everything with great care.
A rocket exploded with a blinding flash.
'Oh, I'm not in a hurry,' I said with a smile.
The day starts with a great American breakfast.
12 used to say what position or state someone or something is in, or what is happening, when someone does something:
She stood with her back to me.
We lay in bed with the window open.
She was knitting, with the television on.
with somebody/something doing something
We jumped into the water with bullets whizzing past our ears.
13 at the same rate as something else and because of it:
a skill which improves with practice
The risk of cancer increases with the number of cigarettes you smoke.
14XX because of a situation that exists:
With John away there's more room in the house.
with something doing something
I can't do my homework with all this noise going on.
15 employed by someone:
The manager is Stuart Walker, who has been with the company since 1970.
16 used to say who is looking after something:
I left your keys with the janitor.
17XX used to say who or what someone becomes separated from:
Joan doesn't want to part with the money.
a complete break with tradition
18 in the same direction as something:
We sailed with the wind.
19 in spite of:
With all his faults, I still like him.
20XX used to show who or what a strong wish or order concerns:
Down with school!
Off to bed with you!
21

be with you/me

to understand what someone is telling you or explaining to you:
Sorry, I'm not with you - which room do you mean?
So that's how the system works. Are you with me?
22

with it

informal
a) wearing fashionable clothes and knowing about new ideas [= trendy]
b) able to understand clearly what is happening around you:
I'm sorry, I'm not feeling very with it today.
with-it
23

with that

immediately after doing or saying something:
He gave a little wave and with that he was gone.
WORD CHOICE: WORD CHOICE:

by, with, in
by is used especially in passives, to say who or what does or causes something She was hit by a truck. a book written by Peter CareyUse with or in after verbs which describe a state rather than an action The room was lit with candles. Her house is always filled with music. The books were covered in dust.Use with to say what tool you use to do something I got the stain out with this brush (NOT by this brush).See also by

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