English version


From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishwithoutwith‧out /wɪðˈaʊt $ wɪðˈaut, wɪθˈaʊt/ ●●● S1 W1 preposition, adverb  1 NOT HAVEnot having something, especially something that is basic or necessary After the storm we were without electricity for five days. a house without a garden We passed two ruined abbeys, one with a tower and one without. I’m getting used to managing without a car. do without at do2, → go without at go12 NOT HAVEused to say that a particular thing has not happened when someone does something Suddenly and without any warning, the army opened fire. He had gone out without his parents’ permission. I accepted his offer without a moment’s hesitation. I got to my destination without too much difficulty.without doing something ‘What do you expect?’ he said, without looking at her. Without so much as a word of thanks, Ben turned and went back into the office (=he did not even say thank you as he should have done).3 not feeling or showing that you feel a particular emotion He told his story without anger or bitterness.4 NOT HAVEALONEnot being with someone, or not having them to help you, especially someone you like or need I don’t know what I’d do without you. Won’t you be lonely without her? The rest of the group set off without him.5 without wanting/wishing to do something6 old useOUT/OUTSIDE outside reckon without at reckon
Examples from the Corpus
withoutYou can't get a passport without a birth certificate.The schools are having to provide programs without adequate funding.He was without any sense whatsoever.After the storm, we were without electricity for five days.This time Clark finished the race without falling.I don't think grandpa could survive without his cigars.He had gone out without his parents' permission.Billy came to class without his school books.There are so many people without jobs that companies receive hundreds of applications to each advertisement.I don't know what I would do without Lisa.How can you judge a book without reading it?"Gourmet Food without Salt" is aimed at people with high-blood pressure."With or without sugar?'' "Without, please!''No one can succeed in business without taking certain risks.without doing somethingFor fifty years, she did her job without complaining.
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